POSTPONED until Bolzano, September 2021 • See

An Introduction to the BORO Foundation and its Industrial Applications through its Modelling Approaches

Description of the tutorial

This tutorial introduces the Business Object Reference Ontology (BORO) and its associated methodology (bCLEARer) to re-engineering legacy data and systems through working hands-on with BORO Modelling approaches. BORO is an extensionalist foundational ontology that has been widely applied in industry. Examples include the oil and gas, finance and defence sectors. The modelling approaches that will be used are:

  • Space-Time Maps (STMs) and the associated STM Domain Models (SDMs)
  • Ontological Euler Diagrams (OEDs)

The organisers will present the modelling approaches in a way that reveals their ontological foundations.

The structure of the tutorial will be as follows:

  1. Overview Ontological Foundations.
  2. STMs (SDMs)
    • Introduction
    • Worked Case Studies
    • Summary
  3. OEDs
    • Introduction
    • Worked Case Studies
    • Summary
  4. BUML
    • Introduction
    • Worked Case Studies
    • Summary
  5. Overall Summary

The tutorial will be largely interactive. The participants will be divided into groups to work on the case studies with support as required from the organisers. They will be expected to present and reflect on their work to the whole class.


Researchers and practitioners who have a general interest in understanding the application of foundational ontology to practical problems such as legacy/data re-engineering and data/systems integration. BORO was originally designed for these problem areas and the organisers have extensive experience of its application – which will be reflected in the tutorial.

Duration of the workshop: Half a day.

Tutorial organisers

Chris Partridge ( is a Visiting Fellow at the University of Westminster and Chief Ontologist at BORO Solutions ( His research and consultancy work focuses on ontology recovery and semantic interoperability - working primarily in the energy, defence and financial sectors. He has published a number of papers and a book – Business Object: Re-engineering for Re-use (Butterworth Heinemann 1996).

Sergio de Cesare ( is Professor of Digital Business and heads the Centre for Digital Business Research at the University of Westminster. His research investigates foundational ontology as a means to model and design the digital enterprise. He served as Managing Editor of the European Journal of Information Systems (2009-2014), and has been on numerous conference programme committees including the International Conference on Conceptual Modelling and Formal Ontology in Information Systems.

Pawel Garbacz ( is Professor of Philosophy at the John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin. His research investigates logical frameworks for applied ontology, ontological engineering for the humanities, ontology-drive machine learning, and philosophical ontology, in particular the so called computational metaphysics. He is an active member of the applied ontology community, e.g., serving as a programme chair to FOIS 2014 and as an assistant editor to Applied Ontology journal. He also dedicates some of his efforts for consultancy work in the business of semantic interoperability and knowledge graphs. He has received research funding from the European Commission and National Science Centre.

Andrew Mitchell ( is a Senior Ontology Developer at BORO Solutions ( He has been working with the BORO Foundation and its associated BORO Methodology since 2008. He is one of the prime developers of the BORO-based bCLEARer™ process. He has designed and implemented BORO ontologies in a range of domains. Prior to this work he worked in the defence science and technology for almost two decades.